Alcohol (ethyl alcohol or ethanol) affects the human body differently. In some cases this influence is positive, but in most cases – negative.
Ethyl alcohol is a small molecule that is water soluble and fat-soluble. In the liver breaks down alcohol to acetaldehyde and then to acetate. Acetate is broken down into carbon dioxide and water which is discarded.
Alcohol is rapidly absorbed from the intestine (80%) and stomach (20%) before other nutrients are absorbed.
Instead of being converted into fat – alcohol is converted into acetate. Quantities of acetate proportsnionalno is the amount of alcohol taken. At higher levels of acetate – your body stops burning fat for energy and uses mainly acetate.
One gram of alcohol contains 7 calories. This is almost double than one gram of protein or carbohydrate (4 kcal), but still less than one gram of fat (9 kcal)
What causes alcohol?
• Provides the body only empty calories that are unnecessary
• metabolism slows down as affects the Krebs cycle
• Reduces the absorption of protein by 20%
• Reduces nervous activity
• Dehydrated cells. The more dehydrated cell is – the harder the muscle grow.
• Blocks the absorption of such elements – calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, potassium.
• Reduced testosterone levels and increases those of estrogen.
• Prevents the burning of fat.
• Delayed reactions in the body.
• Prevents the coordination of the body.
• Reduced physical strength.
• affects the cardiovascular system – raises blood pressure – heart work harder to “pump” blood through the body.
• depletes faster vitamins from the body. The consequences are numerous.
Although alcohol is absorbed rapidly from the body it is absorbed relatively slowly and can affect the body within 48 hours after taking a drink containing alcohol.
Alcohol affects most seriously until 48 hours after taking it, but it has indirect influence on the body for a longer period of time – reducing the quality of training and recovery.